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Step 15 (optional): For a cleaner look, erase as much as you can of the initial guide lines. Don't worry about erasing all of them. It's okay to leave some behind. Also re-draw any final sketch lines that you may have accidentally erased.
Final Step (optional): Add some shading to your raven drawing to give it more dimension and volume. Pick the direction of the light source when shading so that the shadows are consistent with it. Don't worry too much about the shading if you're going to add more value to your drawing later.
Add a cast shadow underneath. This helps ground the raven so it doesn't appear to be floating.
You can add more value throughout your raven drawing for extra detail. Ravens are black, so press down on your pencil to get a darker value. Vary the pressure on your pencil to get different degrees of tonal value and create a shine on the feathers. Adding the dark value can be very time-consuming, so be patient and take breaks. Try to add the dark value uniformly throughout the body for smooth, sleek feathers instead of a rough-textured look. Add the dark value using strokes that go in the general direction of the raven's feathers. It's a good idea to use reference to be as accurate as possible. Remember to PAUSE the "How to Draw a Raven" video any time you need help along the way.
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