Step 15: Now use the line on the right as a guide to draw the hind leg. The furry base of the leg isn't as long as the base for the front feet, but the foot itself is much longer. The digits are longer too. Use smooth strokes because rat feet hardly have any fur.
Step 16: Draw the rest of the rat's body by using the lines as guides. Use quick, short strokes for the fur on the right side and underneath. The longer the strokes are, the longer the fur seems.
Step 17: Use the long, curved line as a guide to draw the rat's tail. Draw lightly at first to get the rat's tail shape right. Follow the path of the initial guide line as you thicken up the rat's tail. Darken the tail when you're happy with the structure. The base of the tail is thicker ad gradually gets thinner toward the end.
Step 18 (optional): For a cleaner look, erase as much as you can of the initial guide lines. Don't worry about erasing all of them. It's okay to leave some behind. Also re-draw any final sketch lines that you may have accidentally erased.
Final Step (optional): Add some shading to your rat drawing to give it more dimension and volume. Pick the direction of the light source when shading so that the shadows are consistent with it. Vary the pressure on your pencil to get different degrees of tonal value. Add a cast shadow underneath. This helps ground the rat so it doesn't appear to be floating.
You can add more value throughout your rat drawing for extra detail. You can leave your drawing without extra value for a white or albino rat. Draw a solid value like this for a brown or common rat. Fancy rats or pet rats are descendants of brown rats. If you have a pet rat, you can add value to your drawing so it looks like the markings of your pet rat. Add the value using strokes that go in the general direction of the rat's fur. Remember to PAUSE the video any time you need help drawing along the way.
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