Step 8: Draw a long, curved shape across the entire body for the bird's folded wing. Make the left side of the shape wide and then gradually make it thinner toward the right. Draw a few short strokes on the left side for a feathery texture. Add longer lines on the right side for long feathers.
Step 9: Use the line that is under the body and on the right side as a guide to draw the secretary bird's first leg. Draw the shape of the leg, foot and toes around the guide lines. Make the top of the leg wide and the bottom narrow. Add a few short strokes where the joint is for the separation of feathers and bare skin. The foot is lifted so the toes should point down. Draw tiny, triangular shapes on the tip of each toe for the talons.
Step 10: Use the line to the left as a guide to draw the secretary bird's other leg the same way. Draw the shape of the leg around the guide line. Make the top wide and the bottom narrow. Add the toes at the bottom using small, curved shapes. On the tip of each toe, draw a tiny triangular shape for the talons.
Step 11: Darken the outer edges of the remaining guides to create the shape of the body. Use short strokes to create a feathery texture. Use the line on the right as a guide to draw the tail. Add more sloping lines to the guide to make the tail thicker and to create more feathers.
Step 12: For a cleaner look, erase as much as you can of the initial guide lines. Don't worry about erasing all of the guides. It's okay to leave some behind. Re-draw any final sketch lines you may have accidentally erased.
Final Step: Shade your drawing for extra detail. Use a dark value to shade the crest, the right side of the wing, the tip of the tail and the tops of the legs. Use a medium value to draw the bare skin on the face and the left side of the wing. Shade the rest of the body using a very light value for the white feathers. Use strokes that go in the direction of the feathers as you shade. Shade lightly at first and gradually build up to darker values. For light values, push down very lightly on your pencil and push down harder for darker values. Add a slightly darker value throughout the body to create shadows. Pick a light source as you shade so that the shadows are consistent across the body. Here the light source is coming from the top so most of the shadows will be on the underside of the shapes. Add a cast shadow at the bottom using a medium value. It's a good idea to use reference as you shade for a more accurate depiction of a secretary bird. Shading can be time-consuming, so be patient and take breaks. For a more detailed guide on how to shade, check out this tutorial: How to shade.
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