Step 15: Use the lines on the left side as guides to draw the hind legs the same way as the front legs. First lightly sketch the shape of the leg as you follow the basic path of the guide. Then when you get the shape of the leg right, darken the lines. Draw a few arcs on the elephant's feet for the nails. The nails wrap around the feet, so don't draw all of them. Make the top part of the leg thicker than the bottom. Add a few lines at the top for wrinkles.
Use the diagonal line as a guide to draw the hind leg on the other side of the body. Remember to sketch lightly at first and only darken the lines when you get the shape of the leg right. The elephant is stepping forward, so keep the leg at a diagonal orientation.
Step 16: Use the remaining lines and shapes as guides to draw the rest of the body. Simply darken the outer edges of the initial guides to create the shape of the body. Asian elephants' backs are dome-like at the top, while African elephants' backs dip near the middle. Use the line on the left as a guide to draw the elephant's tail. Add a few quick, short strokes at the tip for the hair.
Step 17 (optional): For a cleaner look, erase as much as you can of the initial guide lines. Don't worry about erasing all of the guides. It's okay to leave some behind. Re-draw any final sketch lines that you may have accidentally erased.
Final Step: Add some shading to your elephant drawing to give it more dimension and volume. Pick the direction of the light source when shading so that the shadows are consistent with it. Vary the pressure on your pencil to get different degrees of tonal value. Elephants have rough, wrinkly skin, so don't worry too much about shading smoothly. Continue adding the value until the entire body has the appropriate shadows.
Add a cast shadow underneath. This helps ground the elephant so it doesn't appear to be floating.
You can add even more value throughout your drawing for extra detail. Asian elephants are basically gray, so you can add a medium value to the entire body. You can make the shadows even darker as you add the medium value to the body. You can use a lighter value on certain sections, like the top of the head and back, to emphasize the overall shape. It's always a good idea to use reference as you draw. Adding the value can be very time- consuming, so be patient and take breaks. Continue shading until the entire body is covered in value.
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